· shell-scripting-2 ssh

SSHing onto machines via a jumpbox

We wanted to be able to ssh into some machines which were behind a firewall so we set up a jumpbox which our firewall directed any traffic on port 22 towards.

Initially if we wanted to SSH onto a machine inside the network we’d have to do a two step process:


$ ssh jumpbox
# now on the jumpbx
$ ssh internal-network-machine

That got a bit annoying after a while so Sam showed us a neat way of proxying the second ssh command through the first one by making use of netcat.

We put the following into ~/.ssh/config:


Host jumpbox jumpbox-ip
 Hostname jumpbox-ip
 User     user
 IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa
 ProxyCommand none

Host internal-network-machine
  Hostname internal-network-machine-ip

Host 10.*
 User     ubuntu
 ProxyCommand ssh jumpbox exec nc -w 9000 %h %p
 UserKnownHostsFile /dev/null
 StrictHostKeyChecking no

The ‘-w 9000’ flag defines a 2 12 hour wait period so that any orphaned connections will die off within that time.

%h and %p represent the host and port of the internal machine so in this case %h is ‘internal-network-machine-ip’ and the port will be 22.

We can then just do the following to ssh into the machine:


ssh internal-network-machine

Which is pretty neat!

This is explained further on benno’s blog and on the Open BSD journal.

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