Mercurial: hg bisect
We’ve been using Mercurial locally on the project I’ve been working on and Phil showed me a cool feature called ‘bisect’ a couple of weeks ago which can be helpful for working out which revision we managed to break our code in.
It’s been ported across from Git and is included in Mercurial from version 1.0.0 rather than just being an extension.
From the bisect extension page:
Its behaviour is fairly simple: it takes a first revision known to be correct (i.e. without the bug) and a last revision known to be bad (i.e. with the bug). The bisect extension ouputs a revision halfway between the good and the bad ones and lets you test it. If this revision is a good one, you mark it as good with hg bisect good, otherwise you mark it as bad with hg bisect bad. In both cases, bisect outputs a new revision to test, halfway between the good and the bad ones. You repeat until only one revision is left: the culprit.
The usage has changed a bit now that it’s included as part of the initial download.
I was working on something yesterday and checking in fairly regularly before realising that I’d broken something.
I was fairly sure that the break had happened in the tip (revision 98) but I could only remember it definitely working in revision 96.
I defined the good and bad revisions like this:
~~~text In this case revision 97 was now checked out and I checked that the code was working with that revision before marking it: ~~~text It's now able to work out that the problem is in fact in revision 98: ~~~text The first bad revision is: changeset: 98:86260809c309 tag: tip user: mneedham date: Fri Nov 13 16:31:02 2009 +1100 summary: seem to have screwed up the graphs. Not sure how
I managed to mess up setting up the good and bad revisions a few times - I somehow had the impression that I needed to manually update to the original good and bad revisions which isn’t the case.
The reset command was my friend before I worked out what I was doing wrong:
hg bisect -r
It seems like a neat little feature. I’m sure there are lots of other cool things like this in Mercurial so if you know any let me know!
- Update * As Rob points out in the comments the command is ‘bisect’ rather than ‘bisec’ as I had it originally. Both commands work for the moment though!